Nearly 3 decades of civil war and social unrest have entirely cluttered the social lives of the people in the eastern province especially in the district of Trincomalee who have already witnessed a series of displacements camp life and brutal war. The 3 decade old civil unrest and devastating disasters have entirely cluttered the social fabric of the eastern province negatively impacting in the Socio – cultural and education set ups of the provinces which relatively saw a serious setback in the early childhood development arena for years.
The Eastern Province of Sri Lanka consists of three administrative districts: Trincomalee, Batticaloa and Ampara and is divided into 45 Divisional Secretariats (DS) and 1,085 Grama Niladhari (GN) Divisions (villages). The population is approximately 1,460,939 representing 6.4% of the total population of Sri Lanka. Over time, the Eastern Province has been affected by emergencies, including conflict, the 2004 tsunami and seasonal floods. According to the current context and past disaster creates many children’s as orphans and women are widows.
Nearly 600 children have lost their parents to war & broken family ties of which are mainly in the divisions of Muthur & Kinniya which have faced the consequences of the war. So many families in these divisions are below the poverty line whose livelihoods have been shattered by trade exploitation. Many families have to live based on their daily wages earned through fire wood collecting, lagoon fishing and labour jobs and their livelihoods are still in murky owing to the instability of the household economy. So the mothers have to flee the country searching for jobs abroad and this causes family problems due to isolation and many fathers leave their children alone for the sake of the 2nd matrimonial. Illegal marriages as such have increased and the children are left alone.
Most of the families in the coastal belt of the divisions are engaged in small scale fishing using canoes and their lives are threatened due to the natural disasters in the sea. And the children of these families are forced to sacrifice their education and childhood enthusiasm.
So it’s important that the project cares for these children through this the unfortunate lives of the children will can turn towards a real change.