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Sri Lanka’s decades old armed conflict came to a dramatic end on 18th May 2009 with the Sri Lankan military liberating the northern outfit of the LTTE, where the politico military movement dominated the region for a period of nearly 2 decades.
Nearly 250,000 crossed the most infamous Nandikkadal to reach the GOSL military controlled areas in the final hours of the most feared catastrophe of blood bath in the annals of the separatist war.
Though national and international humanitarian outfits alarmed the worst scenario of this human tragedy, the militarized propaganda has had its serious implications through and the aftermath of the country’s most feared human exodus and its transition.
Most of all the civilians were entrapped into an open reformatory of cluttered tent houses where essential facilities for food, water, safer sanitation and protection were deprived or experienced the scenario of extreme scarcity.
With the state sponsored resettlement programme that was envisaged within the agenda of the GOSLs resettlement program, there seems to be less motivation of the truly humanitarian and transition support needed to these people due to heavy blockade of reliable information, substantial data and access to areas affected, land use issues, demographic changes and increase of population (Muslims evacuated from North in 1990 and Tamils returning from south India)
We strongly assume that the communities will have to face this critical trend of being deprived of their basic needs for living which includes adequate water for household consumption, access to safe drinking water, proper and hygienic sanitation facilities and water for livelihood production.
The war torn Vanni region that includes the district of Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu had come under heavy military resistance and almost all infrastructure facilities including houses, sanitation units, drinking water wells, agro wells and rain fed water tanks being completely or partly devastated due to heavy artillery barrage and aerial bombarding.
Schools, hospitals, Public libraries, market places, health centres and local government institutions will have the critical need that of reconstruction and renovation of water supply units, sanitation infrastructures, drinking water supply. In addition, community driven hygiene promotion activities and the rejuvenation of the local authority’s capacity for promoting water management systems, irrigation facilities and drainage improvement initiatives are also needed to be considered and prioritized within this project